How to care for your Ferns Part 1 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4bCQKQych
How to care for your Ferns Part 2 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uid1bWLmRpc
How to care for your Ferns Part 3 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JIqhx6j8w-A
Gardening: how not to kill indoor plants
August 1, 2015
When the victim is an
indoor plant, the No. 1 cause of death is too much water. The No. 2 cause
of death is not enough water. The twin perils of under and over-watering force
many indoor plant lovers toward plants that can safely be watered about as often
as baristas get a beard trim – sansevieria (mother-in-law's
tongue), bromeliads, aspidistra. As lovely and tolerant of neglect as these
plants are, they look even better when lovingly tended, and when surrounded by
other less hardy plants.
Fern grower Peter Heaton
told an audience of confessed serial indoor plant killers at the Queensland
Garden Expo in Nambour recently that their crimes were understandable. The
difficulty with watering potted plants, he says, is there are too many
variables. How much water a plant needs depends on its size; the size of the pot
it's in; the composition of the potting mix; and the airflow, temperature and
humidity of its position on any given day.
Because that's an algorithm
worthy of Fermat, Peter recommends putting plants in pots on a saucer. Water
from the top of the pot until there is water in the saucer and don't water again
until the saucer is dry. The plant roots will take up water from the saucer as
needed. If it takes more than a week for the saucer to dry out, it's too big for
the size of the pot, and root rot is a risk, so scale back the saucer.
Fill the saucer with dark
gravel. This disguises the weak tea colour of water leached through the potting
mix. Evaporation from the pebble-filled saucer will supply all the humidity
needed to keep plants happy, including ferns. Misting is not just unnecessary,
says Peter, but a bad idea, as damp foliage is a good environment for the growth
So that's the watering
sorted. The other issue is feeding. Peter says we are mistaken in thinking of
our potted plants as mini gardens. Better to consider them hydroponic systems,
with the pot there just to hold them up. This means you need to feed
as well as water them. Peter advocates a not-much-often regime. Add fertiliser
to the watering can every time you water, at one-quarter strength of the
recommended rate, alternating an all-purpose soluble food such as Thrive or
Aquasol with a seaweed solution like Seasol.
Every year, refresh
the potting mix by taking the plant out of its pot, composting the old mix and
repotting into fresh, high-quality mix, with a sprinkle of slow-release
fertiliser at the bottom of the root ball and just under the surface of the mix.
Add an occasional spray with the hose outdoors to rinse off dust for a total
care regime that Peter promises will result in stress-free, thriving indoor
One of the main problems with growing ferns indoors is the lack of humidity. A simple solution is to group the pots on a shallow tray containing water in which pebbles or gravel are placed . Ensure the pots are above the water level. This creates a microclimate which gives moisture to the fronds.
Growing ferns from spore at home
When spore is starting to be released from the frond, cut that frond off and place in a paper bag to let it dry. The spore is then the fine dust in the bottom of the bag. Get a clay brick and place it in a saucer of water and the water level 1/4 to 1/3 of the way up the brick, you must keep the water in the saucer for the whole time. Sprinkle the spore over the brick and place in a warm position out of the sun. Within a few months you should start to see the first signs of green. In the next few months it should start to look like moss. Once you have a good cover of moss keep the plants wet with a light spray of water (this may have to be done a few times a day) until you start to see the ferns shooting up from the moss, gently break off clumps and plant in pots, you now have grown your very own ferns.
Encyclopaedia of Ferns. by David L.Jones
Maidenhair Ferns in Cultivation. by Christopher J.Goude
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